e-Vehicles

The first functioning e-Cars were built over 125 years ago. Today, near-silent and emission-free electric vehicles are making a comeback. Many types of e-Vehicles are currently available, such as e-Cars, e-Transporters, e-Scooters, e-Motorbikes, e-Bikes, e-Fun vehicles, and e-Boats.

e-Cars

No noise, no emissions, and a lot of fun: this is what makes e-Mobility attractive for many people today. e-Cars are increasingly seen as a real alternativeto conventional cars, especially among three groups of users:
  • Commuters
  • People who consider to purchase a second car
  • People who mostly drive within city limits

In Carinthia alone, there are about 122,000 people whose daily commute to work is between 5 and 30 kilometers. Recent studies suggest that modern e-Cars would perfectly suit the needs of 10 to 20% of the population.

In recent months and years, many Carinthians have taken the opportunity to test drive a "Lebensland Kärnten" e-Car. Their first-hand accounts can be found here.

Since batteries can be charged at any point, an e-Vehicle's operating range isn't necessarily the key issue. One might, for example, leave home for work with a fully charged battery, then plug it in at the office parking lot for a while, and maybe stop at the mall on the way home (where there are charging points as well), before returning to the house and reconnecting the battery to the power outlet in the garage. Thus, if one uses the developing infrastructure to recharge often, one's eVehicle will hardly ever run out of power.

A Mercedes e-Cell has a nominal 230 km operating range. However, factors like driving terrain, outside temperature, and driving style can significantly alter this value -- just like with conventional, petroleum-powered cars. The Tesla Roadster, currently leading the pack among e-Cars, boasts a range of up to 340 km. e-Cars made in series production until 2002 by the PSA group (Citroen, Saxxo) have a lower nominal range, between 90 and 100 km. The Renault Z.E., on the other hand, will run for about 160 km on a single battery charge.

For a list of dealers in Carinthia who already have e-Cars for sale, go here.

Similar to petroleum-powered vehicles, e-Cars come in a number of types, suiting a variety of mobility needs. Similar to conventional cars, e-Cars come in a variety of models that suit different needs. At the small end of the spectrum, microcars are limited to 45 km/h. Urban e-Cars reach speeds up to 90 km/h. Regular, compact e-Cars such as the "Lebensland Kärnten" Fiat Panda electric are licensed for freeway travel, reaching speeds of 130 km/h or more. The Mercedes e-Cell tops out at 150 km/h. Finally, there are flashy sports cars like the Tesla Roadster, which can go beyond 200 km/h.

The charging time for e-Car batteries depends on three factors:

  • The battery type
  • The type of electricity used
  • The battery's remaining capacity at the beginning of recharging

Best results will be achieved using late-model batteries and high currents (single-phase or heavy current). After the first hour, the charging rate decreases. When using single-phase current (230V, 10 Amps, 2.4 kW), most conventional e-Cars can be fully charged in about 8 hours. With 3-phase current (400V, 32 Amps, 12 kW), a full charging cycle takes as little as 3 hours on average.

All relevant facts and specifications, as well as buying advice, cost simulation data, and safety information can be found in our frequenty asked questions section.